The School Health Advisory Council (SHAC) is a working partnership between the schools and the community to help BCPS students grow into healthy and productive adults by focusing on the whole school, whole community, whole child model, understanding that health and academic success go hand in hand. Each month SHAC will be bringing you a topic of the month.
National Drug and Alcohol Facts
Millions of Americans suffer from substance abuse, which includes underage drinking, alcohol dependency, non-medical use of prescription drugs, abuse of over-the-counter medications, and illicit drug use.
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an estimated 20 million Americans aged 12 or older used an illegal drug in the past 30 days. This estimate represents 8 percent of the population aged 12 years or older. Illicit drugs include marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription drugs used without a prescription.
The most commonly used and abused drug, after alcohol, is marijuana. Each year more teens enter addiction treatment with a primary diagnosis of marijuana dependence than all other illegal drugs combined. Other common drugs of abuse include cocaine, heroin, inhalants, LSD (acid), MDMA (ecstasy), methamphetamine, phencyclidine (PCP), steroids (anabolic), Vicodin, OxyContin and other prescription drugs.
All abuse substances share one thing in common. They hijack the normal function of the brain and change the way the brain responds to issues of self-control, judgment, emotion, motivation, memory and learning.
Substance abuse touches all aspects of our communities and contributes to an estimated $193 billion in crime, health, and lost productivity costs.